Controversy over 'wrong' note in Tchaikovsky's first piano concerto
27 June 2013
Hans von Bülow: was he responsible for the mysterious correction?© Tully Potter Collection
Pianist Stephen Hough has uncovered evidence to support his theory that there is a ‘wrong’ note in Tchaikovsky’s first piano concerto.
Amid discussion with the Tchaikovsky Research website about three different versions of the opening of the concerto – which originally featured spread arpeggios in the piano part, rather than the heroic chords known today – Hough discovered a correction in blue pencil within the manuscript of the first version of the concerto.
The Telegraph blogger referred to the find as ‘the most
exciting musical discovery of my life’. Hough suggests that the ‘F’ in the
flute part at the start of the second movement should be a ‘B flat’. The ‘F’ is
in all scores (except Gerald Abrahams’s Eulenberg edition with no footnote or
explanation) and on virtually all recordings (except Yevgeny Sudbin’s). Hough
wrote: ‘I played it a few times in concerts with the “F” corrected to a “B
flat” but only my instinct was my guide, and when I came to record it I felt I
had to abide by the evidence rather than change a note according to my taste
Hough’s musical defence of the ‘B flat’ includes the following: the theme only ever appears once with the F, the shape of the four-bar theme is a fifth up and a fifth down – spoilt by the appearance of the ‘F’, and when, in the coda, there is a change to two ‘A flats’ there is a change from the pattern – which has more impact if all the other times it has reached up to the ‘B flat’.
The correction in the manuscript was originally thought to have been made by Tchaikovsky, but Brett Langston, the historian and Tchaikovsky expert, revealed that the document was actually a copyist’s manuscript prepared for Hans von Bülow when he travelled round the world giving the very first performances of the concerto.
It is, however, the ‘cleanest’ version of the original score. Tchaikovsky’s autograph is riddled with later additions and corrections made by many different people over a long period of time, and unfortunately it is not yet available in digital form for detailed scrutiny.
Langston wrote to Hough: ‘It seems reasonable to assume that the correction in the Berlin manuscript would have been made by Bülow himself. As to whether Tchaikovsky knew and approved this – we don’t have evidence either way. It’s remarkable that there are so many questions concerning the text of the concerto that we still can’t answer after more than 120 years, but that’s why the editors of the new critical edition are seeking as many early editions as possible, in an attempt to peel back the various layers to (hopefully) establish which of them were authorised by the composer.’
Winners of the 14th Van Cliburn International Piano Competition announced
11 June 2013
Silver Medalist Beatrice Rana© Julien Faugere
The Texas-based Van Cliburn International Piano Competition has concluded its 14th instalment and named Vadym Kholodenko, 26, as recipient of the Nancy Lee and Perry R. Bass Gold Medal and Van Cliburn Winner's Cup.
The silver medalist is Beatrice Rana, 20, Italy (IP’s One to Watch in issue 19, May/June edition). The crystal award winner is Sean Chen, 24, from the US.
Kholodenko, who hails from Ukraine, will receive a cash award of $50,000; career management and international and US concert tours for the three concert seasons following the Competition; studio and live recordings produced by harmonia mundi usa; and performance attire provided by Neiman Marcus.
Rana and Chen will each receive a cash award of $20,000; career management and US concert tours for the three concert seasons following the Competition; and a live recording produced by harmonia mundi usa of Competition performances.
The remaining three finalists will receive cash awards of $10,000 each, and concert tours and management for three concert seasons. They are Fei-Fei Dong, 22, China; Nikita Mndoyants, 24, Russia; and Tomoki Sakata, 19, Japan.
The Steven de Groote Memorial Award for the Best Performance of Chamber Music, with a cash prize of $6,000, was awarded to Vadym Kholodenko, 26, Ukraine.
The Beverley Taylor Smith Award for the Best Performance of a New Work, with a cash prize of $5,000, was awarded to Vadym Kholodenko, 26, Ukraine.
The winner of the John Giordano Jury Discretionary Award, with a cash prize of $4,000, is Steven Lin, 24, United States.
The winner of the Raymond E. Buck Jury Discretionary Award, with a cash prize of $4,000, is Alessandro Deljavan, 26, Italy.
The winner of the Jury Discretionary Award, with a cash prize of $4,000, is Claire Huangci, 23, United States.
The Audience Award was voted on by almost 24,000 visitors to
www.cliburn.org. The Audience Award winner, Beatrice Rana, will receive a cash
award of $2,500.
The semifinalists will receive cash awards of $5,000 each. Preliminary Round competitors will receive cash awards of $1,000 each.
Legal struggle over Wagner table piano
5 June 2013
One wouldn’t expect a battle over the piano on which Richard
Wagner composed parts of the Ring to be anything but epic. The Bechstein table
piano, a gift to the composer from King Ludwig II in 1864, is the subject of a
prolonged lawsuit in which Iris Wagner, one of several great-granddaughters,
has opposed both the city of Leipzig and the Richard Wagner Foundation over
The instrument sat peacefully in the Villa Wahnfried until the end of the Second World War when it was shipped to Leipzig, the composer’s city of birth. A decade after German reunification, Sven Friedrich, director of the Richard Wagner Museum in Bayreuth, discovered the piano at Leipzig’s Stadtgeschichtliches Museum (State History Museum). It returned to Bayreuth in 1998 under a rental contract, but Leipzig terminated the agreement upon its expiration a decade later.
The city emerged victorious as owner by acquisition from the first round of dispute in district court. The piano was granted long-term loans to the Wagner abode. However, Iris made a legal intervention in 2011. The battle came to a near close in March of this year when both the Wagner Foundation and Iris recognised Leipzig as the official owner. But the following month, when the piano was scheduled to return to Bayreuth on loan, Iris again revoked the ruling. With ownership still up in the air, the instrument was on view at the exhibit Wagner Lust & Last (Wagner Desire and Burden) dedicated to the composer’s bicentenary in Leipzig, which ran from March through late May.
The Wagner dynasty has Ludwig II to thank not just for the
table piano but a significant portion of its estate. The 18-year-old Ludwig,
enamoured of operas such as Tannhäuser and Lohengrin paid off the composer’s
debt and granted him a lakeside abode following their first meeting. Wagner
received the table piano for his 51st birthday, composing works such as Die
Meistersinger, Parsifal, Götterdämmerung, and the third act of Siegfried.
Birmingham Conservatoire to host Delius and Ireland celebration
22 May 2013
De-Wet Lee will peform John Ireland's Piano Concerto
Birmingham Conservatoire will host a five-day festival during 17–21 June to showcase the work of Delius and Ireland, including performances of the complete solo piano works and piano concerto by John Ireland.
Pianist and British music specialist Mark Bebbington, who has recorded the complete solo piano works of John Ireland for SOMM, and in many ways inspired the Festival as a piano tutor at the Conservatoire, will open the inaugural recital with two of Ireland’s most significant works; the Sonata and Rhapsody.
'It seems to me that the piano music of John Ireland is not only one of the most substantial, but also one of the most neglected legacies of any twentieth-century British composer', he explains.
'Ireland wrote for the piano throughout his life and from the outset, his natural kinship with the instrument is self-evident; whether drawing the last measure of tonal splendour from a masterpiece such as Sarnia, or evoking his beloved West Sussex countryside in his miniature Amberley Wild Brooks, Ireland's keyboard works are an unparalleled achievement in British pianism.
'John Ireland was alive to wider influences, as well – French Impressionism and the Expressionist works of Alban Berg, for example – but he evolved a bitter-sweet musical language that was all his own. Above all, though, his piano writing conveys an undertow of wistful melancholy that lends these works a quite unique expressive intensity.'
There will be the opportunity to hear more about Ireland’s piano music when Bruce Phillips, Chairman of the John Ireland Charitable Trust, gives an informative lecture on 19 June in the Arena Foyer.
Other pianists taking part include Katharine Lam, Duncan Honeybourne, John Thwaites, Victor Sangorgio, Yu-Fen Lin, and stalwart of the keyboard, Margaret Fingerhut, who will be performing Ireland's London Pieces.
Tickets will be available on the door and full details of the
programme can be found here
The Elgar Society releases free online archive of The Journal
10 April 2013
Back issues of The Journal published by the Elgar Society are now available online and free of charge at
www.elgar.org, opening up a 15-year archive of articles, essays and research papers to all those with an interest in Elgar and his legacy.
The Elgar Society first issued The Journal as a stand-alone publication in 1999, since when it has been circulated three times a year to members of the society together with selected academic institutions. Content ranges from the findings of Elgar-related research to reviews of books and CDs. The most recent issue, edited by Elgar Society member Martin Bird, includes articles entitled ‘Thoughts on The Music Makers – a conductor’s viewpoint’ by Dr Donald Hunt and ‘Edward Elgar – a medical enigma?’ by Dr John Harcup OBE: the editorial closes with extracts from Elgar’s own diary of 100 years ago.
‘We’re delighted to make back issues of The Journal so readily accessible as a single archive for the first time,’ says Elgar Society Vice-Chair Stuart Freed. ‘They make fascinating reading and we’re sure they will prove particularly useful to students and academics both in the UK and overseas whilst adding to the body of public knowledge about Elgar’s works, life and historical context.’
Formed in 1951 to encourage the study, performance and appreciation of the music of Sir Edward Elgar and to foster research into his life and works, the Elgar Society brings members together at branch, national and international levels through meetings, lectures, recitals and visits. In addition to The Journal, all members also receive the thrice-yearly Elgar Society News, where delightful snippets of Elgar-related trivia combine with news from members, concert reports, diary dates and readers’ letters.
Barry Collett, winner of the Elgar Society Medal, wrote an article on Elgar's piano music in the September/October 13 edition of IP, issue 15.