Music education sector responds positively to National Plan
1 December 2011
The music education sector has broadly welcomed to the government's National Plan for Music Education, published last week, but has several areas of concern - most notably regarding the funding.
Virginia Haworth-Galt, chief executive of the Federation of Music Services, spoke for many when she said she was 'pleased that the ambition of the plan focuses on core music service principles of first access, progression, ensembles and singing.' She added: 'We believe that hubs can build on the work of music services and schools, and will improve the opportunities for all children and young people.'
Making Music, the umbrella body for amateur music-making, says it would be delighted to assist voluntary groups who want to apply to become part music education hubs. 'We hope the Arts Council will consider the strength of voluntary sector relationships when assessing hub applications, and will be on hand to promote the cause of voluntary groups during the application process,' it said. 'We note that the Arts Council will be acting as fund holder for the hubs, and like the Music Education Council we feel that the new funding mechanism must be transparent and accountable if it is to be effective.'
Alan Davey, chief executive of Arts Council England, emphasised that 'music education hubs will play a key role in ensuring that every child in this country has the chance to experience the richness of music.' He went on to say: 'We value the wealth of knowledge and experience that many music services have and the excellent work they deliver throughout the country. We look forward to working with them, ensuring that more children and young people have access to high quality music education at a local level.'
As ever, finances are a key issue of concern. According to John Summers, managing director of the Hallé in Manchester, 'The aspirations are terrific, and it feels like a move in the right direction. But the most disappointing thing is the money. There is a 20% reduction between now and 2014 without even factoring in inflation. That's massive. It's all very well to have great aspirations, but if you haven't the money to fulfil it, what is the point? We are all having to absorb cuts, but this is a dramatic one. The funding is dreadful.'
Money is an issue regarding the plan's proposed teacher development initiatives too. 'While we welcome the recognition of the need for continuing professional development for music practitioners to develop the workforce, there are significant costs involved here and it's not clear how these are to be met,' said Richard Crozier, director of Professional Development at the ABRSM.
Darren Henley, managing director of Classic FM, originally outlined two main areas of concern in his Review of Music Education in England: the need for an overarching strategy for music education and the need to eradicate patchiness in provision. 'The new National Plan for Music Education is a major step towards tackling both these issues,' he said, 'helping to ensure that all children receive the best possible music education.'
The need to ensure that all children have access to good music teaching was emphasised by Mike Welsh, past president of the National Assocation of Head Teachers and a member of the newly formed National Plan for Music Education monitoring board. 'Working in partnership with the new music education hubs, schools will have the opportunity to consider their provision and to ensure that they are not only catering for those children who have shown an interest or aptitude for music,' he said.
Mayor of London Boris Johnson said he believes the plan will enhance his drive to 'make London a world-leader in music education'. He added: 'There is no doubt in my mind that learning music has profound benefits for young people, as well as our society. This plan will help us towards our goal of ensuring every young Londoner has the chance to learn a musical instrument in school, regardless of their family's ability to pay. London is already the best city in the world for music but to keep this status we must continue to invest in the talent of the next generation.'
The National Association of Music Educators (NAME) believes that the success of the plan will partly rest on the way organisations work with each other, as well as on the way that music services and other potential hub leaders will work with schools. 'These are all partnerships that have the potential to improve music education for young people,' said a NAME spokesman. 'However, there is no disguising the fact that there is less money available to make this happen, and some bold changes will have to be embraced if the potential improvement is to be realised.' NAME was particularly interested in the proposal to develop new primary music initial teacher training (ITT) modules, to be taken either towards the end of ITT courses or as Continuing Professional Development.
Diane Widdison, national organiser for live performance and teaching at the Musicians' Union, was also pleased. 'Music is notoriously a difficult subject to deliver for non-specialists and anything to boost confidence in this primary area is a bonus, as are the recommendations in the areas of music technology and SEN teaching, and anything that addresses issues of inclusion and progression.'
Some saw other problems. 'The plan is not without risk,' said Ivor Widdison, chair of the panel at the Jazz Education Awards. 'Arts Council England suffered draconian cuts in resources and staffing, yet under the plan it will assume responsibility for implementing a proposed new schools’ music education structure based on area hubs. That will entail assessing bids for funds from would-be hubs – an existing successful LEA music service will stand a very good chance of succeeding, of course – and then monitoring performance once funding has been granted. That’s a big new responsibility.'
ABRSM, while fully supporting the ambition to make provision more equitable, said the change from the current system of music education provision to the new system of hubs will be complex. 'Monitoring the new funding structure will be essential,' said CEO Guy Perricone. 'We would urge Arts Council England to ensure that the hubs' remit will include the monitoring of students' progression, as well as their participation, and recommend that its work is supported and reviewed by education professionals.'
The Incorporated Society of Musicians, while welcoming the plan, warned of 'the rapid pace at which the new music education hubs are expected to take forward the work of local authority music services, supposedly beginning to operate as early as September 2012. We already know that many music teachers’ jobs up and down the country are under threat as local government and other bodies make cuts.'
But in general, the sector seems to have given a thumbs up to the plan - 'rather to my pleased surprise,' as Katherine Zeserson, director of learning and participation at The Sage Gateshead put it. 'I do truly believe that this plan could work,' siad Zeserson. 'Skilful strategic leadership and entrepreneurial management aligned to a passionate vision for children and young people as autonomous music-makers could transform this plan into a meaningful musical revolution – I think it’s entirely up to us and our courage, wisdom and leadership.'
UEA music course to close following final decision from university council
30 November 2011
Campaigners at the University of East Anglia in Norwich have vowed to continue their fight to stop the closure of its music department, even though the University’s council has ruled that no new music students will be accepted and that the department will close when current students have finished their courses.
The council ruling followed a recent review of the future of the music school, which found the department was financially unsustainable.
'It is a sad day when a school is to close, but particularly one held in such affection,' said Richard Jewson, chairman of the council.
'But council members believe it would be irresponsible to ignore the danger signals highlighted by the review. The university cannot continue to subsidise a school where the future prospects are so challenging and this is the best way we can safeguard and strengthen other humanities subjects.'
He added that the university is committed to supporting the school’s current students and plans to continue to support and encourage musical activity among students and the wider community.
More than 10,000 people have signed a petition against the closure, including Jools Holland and Coldplay. 250 people also took part in a protest.
It is now planned to close the School in 2014 when the 149 current students have finished their courses.
Bill Vine, a PhD student and a member of the Save UEA Music campaign team, said he was disgusted with the decision but would continue to campaign against the closure.
'We had been hopeful that council members would listen to our arguments and consider both the arguments against the closure of the school and the offer from the Royal Musical Association and National Association of Music in Higher education to visit the school for free and assess the options for growth.'
National Music Plan published at last
25 November 2011
After a string of delays and much criticism from the music education sector, the Department for Education (DfE) has finally published its National Plan for Music Education, entitled The Importance of Music.
The plan begins by asserting that ‘England is a world leader in music education, but Darren Henley’s excellent review published in February showed there is more that we can do.’ It goes on to outline the structures through which music education will be delivered from September 2012, emphasising that ‘for the first time, the government is publishing a National Plan for Music Education. The very existence of this plan underlines the unswerving commitment by both the Department for Education and the Department for Culture, Media and Sport to recognise the importance of music in the lives of young people and to ensure that we consistently give young people a music education that is of the highest quality.’
While a number of the plan’s proposed structures were being openly discussed in advance of its publication, having been originally proposed by Darren Henley nearly a year ago, funding details beyond April 2012 remained confidential until today. They are as follows: £77m will be made available for the financial year beginning April 2012, with £65m and £60m for the 2013 and 2014 respectively. (Current funding stands at £82.5 per annum and ends in April 2012, which means that current structures will have to operate until September 2012 on one-third of £77m, in effect a cut of £1.83m compared the same period last year.) In addition, the plan announces a new per-pupil system for allocating funding, with weighting for free school meals. In areas where this will result in a decrease in funding, the government has pledged ‘protection preventing large losses in any one area in 2012-13 and 2013-14’.
One of the biggest structural changes is that ‘music education hubs’ will ‘take forward’ the work of local authority music services. This means that where music services once received government funding to deliver music provision in their areas, they will now be required to ‘bid’ for this privilege, competing against arts organisations, social enterprises, chains of schools or any other body deemed to fulfil the government’s criteria. The rationale behind hubs, stated in the plan, is that ‘music education hubs in every area will help drive the quality of service locally, with scope for improved partnership working, better value for money, local innovation and greater accountability.’
Any organisation wishing to lead a hub must submit a bid by 17 February to Arts Council England (ACE), which has been charged with awarding leadership of hubs on behalf of the government. Application forms and full criteria for hub leadership are published on ACE’s website. ACE will also be responsible for allocating and distributing funding, a task currently being managed by the Federation of Music Services. ACE’s prominent role in the new structure has already led to warnings of a potential bias in favour ACE-sponsored organisations, although the plan states that ACE has been tasked to make judgments ‘impartially’.
The plan provides a degree of detail on how the government sees the hub-building process working. Crucially, in areas where no appropriate bids are submitted, or where there are no bids at all, the government will ‘solicit’ bids from other providers, which could involve successful bidders expanding their hubs to incorporate adjacent areas. Indeed, the government hopes for fewer hubs than there are local authorities: ‘Hubs that cover more than one local authority area will have scope to develop services (particularly specialist services or ensembles) that might not otherwise have been possible had the hubs been of smaller size. They also have potential to generate economies of scale and better value for money.’ Accountability is also discussed, with proposed measures including the ACE and Ofsted being charged with monitoring hubs, and a newly created ‘monitoring board’, comprising ‘impartial experts’ and others, which will ‘hold those responsible for delivery across the National Plan to account’.
The plan does not limit itself to the matter of hubs. It lays out a ‘vision’ for music education, which emphasises that all schools have a duty to ‘provide high quality music education as part of a broad and balanced curriculum’. However, the plan does not defend music’s place on the compulsory curriculum at Key Stage 3, which could change as a result of the current curriculum review. Otherwise, the plan endorses a musical education based around instrumental tuition, singing, ensembles and choirs, with an emphasis on progression through to the highest levels of achievement in the various National Youth Music Organisations. Whole-class instrumental teaching is stated as a requirement ‘for a minimum of one term’, suggesting that Wider Opportunities teaching will have a part to play in the new structure.
Elsewhere, the plan expresses support for the In Harmony programme and states that government funding is to be augmented by equivalent funding from ACE in order to roll out new incarnations of the project. It also promises ‘a new primary Initial Teacher Training add-on module to boost new teachers’ skills and confidence in teaching music’, and tasks ACE with a further role of developing a new ‘music educator qualification’ by 2013, to ensure that the ‘wider music workforce is more professionalised’.
Virginia Haworth-Galt, chief executive of the Federation of Music Services, said: ‘The FMS welcomes the government’s introduction of a National Plan for Music Education with protected funding over three years. We are pleased that the ambition of the plan focuses on core music service principles of first access, progression, ensembles and singing; we believe that hubs can build on the work of music services and schools and will improve the opportunities for all children and young people. We note the government’s anticipation that music services will be well placed to drive this work forward within the new hub structures and look forward to rising to the challenges ahead.’
Deborah Annetts, chief executive of the Incorporated Society of Musicians, commented: ‘We are delighted that the government agrees with the ISM and acknowledges the importance of music education in maximising children’s progress in education and increasing their self-esteem. Ninety-seven per cent of adults believe that children should be taught music in school, and the government’s recognition that high quality music education is a vital part of the school curriculum is a clear indication that they agree. Their call should be heard loud and clear by the national curriculum review team.’
Julian Lloyd Webber, chairman of In Harmony, said: In Harmony has proved that music really does have the power to transform the lives of children and their communities and its success has been a triumph for all the children, parents and teachers involved. It is wonderful that the government has backed this visionary programme which I am certain will become an asset for England to treasure.’
Diane Widdison, the Musicians’ Union’s national organiser for teaching, said: ‘What is important is that access to quality music education is available to all children and young people, and that music tuition is delivered by a skilled and well-resourced workforce. Over two-thirds of our 30,000-plus members work in music education and it is imperative that these teachers are engaged in the implementation and delivery of the National Music Plan as it is the workforce who will be responsible for inspiring the next generation of musicians.’
Alan Davey, chief executive of Arts Council England, commented: ‘I know from my own experience that early opportunities to get involved in the arts can enrich a young person’s life and help develop their potential. That’s why I’m so pleased that the Arts Council will now be working with the Department for Education to make the vision set out in The Importance of Music: A National Plan for Music Education a reality. Music education hubs will play a key role in ensuring that every child in this country has the chance to experience the richness of music. We value the wealth of knowledge and experience that many music services have and the excellent work they deliver throughout the country. We look forward to working with them, ensuring that more children and young people have access to high quality music education at a local level.’
Sign up for the free Music Teacher e-newsletter (top right) for a special ‘extra’ edition, to be published soon, for more digest and opinion on the plan.
New board for graded music exams launched
23 November 2011
A Berkshire music teacher has launched MTB Exams, a new exam board with the aim of making instrumental and vocal exams less stressful.
'MTB Exams is a music teachers' board providing an exciting new way to take instrumental exams from MTB Levels 1 to 8,' says chief examiner Mark Kesel, who has taught the trumpet for more than 30 years. Describing the new system as 'an imaginative new resource for instrumental teachers,' Kesel believes that MTB exams will 'by making some simple but fundamental changes to traditional methods, reduce stress levels for pupils and teachers and offer complete flexibility over exam dates.
'The main difference between the new board and ABRSM and Trinity Guildhall is that pupils are examined by their own teachers. The performance is recorded and a certain number are moderated, 'and assessed in the same way that GCSE performance is examined,' says Kesel. 'We are aiming to complement rather than rival the traditional boards,' added Kessel, who has been a member of the quintet Chaconne Brass since it was founded 26 years ago.
'Music should be enjoyable but at the moment there are sometimes some very stressed pupils as well as stressed teachers. This system also has the benefit that the pupil can do the exam when he or she is ready rather than waiting for an exam date.
'The syllabus, which has been set by specialist teachers, is broadly in line with ABRSM standards. Pupils do not need to have passed Grade 5 theory to move on to Grade 6. Kesel adds, 'When a pupil spends months preparing music for an exam it is a pity if they find playing to a visiting examiner makes them nervous and they do not play to the best of their ability. The idea of playing to your teacher is an attempt to allow them to show what they can do. I would argue therefore that it is more representative of their standard and not less. Also, it seems a pity that the person best placed to assess their performance - the teacher - is excluded from the process. We’ve had a very positive response. We are very new but we hope to attract a lot of entrants.'
Classic FM 2011 Music Teachers of the Year announced
18 November 2011
Six of the country’s top music teachers have been honoured in the 13th Annual Classic FM Music Teacher of the Year Awards, presented at the Music for Youth Schools Prom Concerts at the Royal Albert Hall. The awards recognise and reward teachers 'who have made a real difference to the musical life of young people'.
Classic FM’s managing director Darren Henley said, 'There can be a tendency for music teachers to be the unsung heros of the music world, yet without them, many young people would not have music introduced into their childhoods in a structured way.
'Music has the power to touch our lives in a far more complex way than many subjects that we study at school and gives us life skills far beyond what we learn in the classroom.'
Primary School Music Teacher of the Year was Kathryn Smith of Silkstone Common Junior and Infant School, Barnsley, South Yorkshire. The Secondary School Music Teacher of the Year Award went to Sheila Cornall of Wycombe High School, Buckinghamshire.
This year’s Peripatetic/Private Music Teacher of the Year Award was Fran Sixsmith of Warrington Schools’ Arts and Culture Service. Sheila Oglethorpe, a teacher who has specialised in teaching music to dyslexic pupils was presented with the Special Education Needs Music Teacher of the Year Award.
John Hall of Norton Knatchbull School, Kent took the Lifetime Achievement Award. A special award was given by the judges to Matthew Hunt of Kingstone High School, Herefordshire as New Music Teacher of the Year. They described him as a ‘whirling dervish’ and ‘inspirational’.
The winning teachers' schools will each receive musical equipment and instruments from Yamaha and software from Avid.
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