Giulio Cesare at Wolf Trap Opera
30 June 2014, Virginia, US
Dazzling stars: Ying Fang as Cleopatra with John Holiday as Giulio Cesare(Photo: Teddy Wolff)
Review by Karyl Charna Lynn
It is common today for opera companies and festivals, especially the smaller ones, to update Baroque opera both for financial reasons (it is cheaper to buy contemporary clothes than to make the elaborate costumes dictated by the story) and for relevance to today’s audiences (it is easier to relate to the characters’ continuously changing circumstances and emotional states, when they look, behave, and dress like we do). With themes of power, ambition, treachery, lust, love, cruelty and murder Giulio Cesare can be just as relevant today and when Handel composed it in 1724.
Unfolding against the background of an endless sandy desert punctuated by a few pyramids and sphinxes, with various props -couch, liquor bar, bed, huge silver and gold globes - appearing and disappearing for location changes, the opera possessed a veneer of ancient Egyptian symbolism that coloured the modern set and activities.
As I wrote in my review of Galileo, Galilei (Opera Now, October 2013), the most amazing voice (again) belonged to countertenor John Holiday, whose high sweet sound is probably as close to a pure 'castrati' voice as one can hear today. Assaying the title role, and outfitted in a shimmering white Navy uniform, he was not only victorious at the Battle of Pharsalia but also conquered the Wolf Trap stage. Kim Witman, the company's young artist programme director, told me that some vocal lines were bumped up to accommodate his high range and crisp, spotless coloratura. The voice of countertenor Eric Jurenas, who looked like he just stepped off a cruise ship in a white linen suit and tropical-print shirt as the sleazy, tyrant Tolomeo, paled in comparison, although his execution was certainly satisfactory. The other standout was Ying Fang, who dazzled both with her voice, and allure as Cleopatra.
Although the opera was cut from four to a bit more than three hours, it still seemed long, despite the clever and amusing touches director Chas Rader-Shieber sprinkled throughout the work. And the small pit, which required instruments to be placed in the auditorium, appeared to somewhat dampen the spirited conducting of Antony Walker.
Handel's Faramondo in Göttingen, Germany
16 June 2014, Göttingen, Germany
Bold and quirky: Christopher Lowrey and Emily Fons in 'Faramondo'(Photo: Alciro Theodoro Da Silva)
Review by Adrian Horsewood
There’s no shortage of confusion in Handel’s operas, but Faramondo has a strong claim to being the most complex; indeed, the plot makes so little sense that the programme helpfully included a diagram of the relationships between the characters.
Faramondo has killed the supposed son of Gustavo but loves Gustavo’s daughter Rosimonda; Gustavo’s son Adolfo is betrothed to Faramondo’s sister Clotilde but Gustavo has designs on her himself. Finally, Teobaldo (who swapped his infant son for Gustavo’s, thus holding the key to the opera’s eventual happy ending) connives with Gernando to try to win for the latter both Gustavo’s kingdom and the hand of Rosimonda.
That this chaos quickly receded into the background in Göttingen was due both to the unwavering ambitions of each character and to director Paul Curran’s bold production: the members of Gustavo’s clan became glitzy casino denizens, while the two other families were portrayed as sparring gangs. The ingenious use of a small number of pieces of set (the work of Gary McCann) gave each faction its own strong look and ‘home’ environment. However, employing such broad brush-strokes meant that the characters’ quirky traits – Clotilde munching on takeaway pizza, or Gernando’s fetishistic sniffing of stolen pairs of Rosimonda’s underwear – mostly seemed unconvincing directorial attempts to inject colour into Handel’s fairly one-dimensional characters.
The music was wholly impressive, with stand-out performances from mezzo-soprano Emily Fons in the title role and from soprano Anna Devin as Clotilde: the former not only dominated the stage with every movement and gesture (not easy when weighed down by bullet-proof armour), but also movingly delivered the role’s tender and heroic moments; Devin’s coloratura and vocal heft were nothing short of spectacular throughout, the role giving her much to get her teeth into (beside the aforementioned pizza). The two very different countertenor roles were sung with dazzling skill by Maarten Engeltjes (Adolfo) and Christopher Lowrey (Gernando), while mezzo-soprano Anna Starushkevych showed both the outward affection and the inner steel that combine in the character of Rosimonda. Bass Njål Sparbo was the only vocal disappointment as he rasped and snarled his way through the evening, indicating perhaps the constant frustrations and disappointments that Gustavo has to endure, but depriving us of any extended singing.
The FestspielOrchester Göttingen and conductor Laurence Cummings handled the fireworks of the score with aplomb while also creating numerous moments of crystalline beauty; any drama, however complex, would become completely comprehensible if afforded the dedication of such ardent advocates as in Göttingen.
Der Rosenkavalier at Glyndebourne Festival
19 May 2014, Lewes, UK
Lars Woldt as Baron Ochs and Kate Royal as the Marschallin at Glyndebourne(Photo: Bill Gooper)
Review by George Hall
Just 10 days following the death of Sir George Christie at the age of 79, the 2014 Glyndebourne Festival got underway with a new production of an opera he particularly loved – as we learned from Gus Christie, who paid moving tribute to his father and predecessor as the Festival’s chairman in a speech preceding the opening performance.
Strauss’s large-scale comedy fits perfectly into the rebuilt opera house that Sir George created: with the London Philharmonic Orchestra on excellent form in the pit, Glyndebourne’s new music director, Robin Ticciati, lavished loving care and attention on a score that sums up the essential appeal of late Romanticism in one emotionally cathartic experience. Orchestrally, this was a Rosenkavalier to savour.
There were choice elements in the cast, too. Kate Royal looked glamorous as the Marschallin, even carrying off with aplomb an opening scene in which she appeared, initially, to be naked. Vocally, there were moments, in the role’s more expansive phrases, when the voice didn’t quite open up fully – though Royal’s immaculate acting and attention to text brought her real and significant success.
As the innocent Sophie, Teodora Gheorghiu offered a vocally pristine, convincingly acted account of her ingénue role. Her rich mezzo slightly larger than the voices of her soprano colleagues, Irish mezzo Tara Erraught appeared as Octavian, the young man in the middle. Some artists – Felicity Lott and Sarah Connolly instantly spring to mind – have possessed the gift of suggesting the maleness of this character in their physical gestures; but while Erraught sang the role to a high level, realising this inherent masculinity eluded her. Michael Kraus was unusually bold and forthright as her father, Faninal. Making a definite splash was the Baron Ochs of German baritone Lars Woldt – a grand and commendably three-dimensional view of a role too often merely parodied.
The visuals, in terms of Paul Steinberg’s complex sets, Nicky Gillibrand’s extravagant costumes and Mimi Jordan Sherin’s intricate lighting, were fascinating, a blend of different periods and styles that nevertheless cohered into something unique and constantly extraordinary. Within them, Richard Jones’ production offered a depth of insight matched by a quirky, off-centre view of the piece that made one look at it with fresh eyes. Smaller roles as well as large ones benefited from this originality of approach: Gwynne Howell’s solid Notary, Andrej Dunaev’s handsomely sung Italian Tenor and Miranda Keys’ Marianne Leitmetzerin all made significant marks. I suspect the staging itself has the makings of a Glyndebourne classic.
Der Rosenkavalier runs at Glyndebourne Festival until 3 July
Opera triumphs at London's Royal Philharmonic Society Awards
15 May 2014, London, UK
Joyce DiDonato as Elena in 'La donna del lago' at Covent Garden(Photo: Bill Cooper)
Opera and music theatre fared particularly well in this year’s prestigious Royal Philharmonic Society Awards held at the Dorchester Hotel in London on 13 May. Welsh National Opera received the award for Opera and Music Theatre, praised for ‘bold and contrasting’ productions of Lulu, Lohengrin and Paul Bunyan. Nominees in this category included Longborough Festival Opera, the Royal Opera House and Opera North.
In the Singer category, Joyce DiDonato headed a strong field which included Barbara Hannigan, Michael Volle and Mark Padmore. The American mezzo was commended for the ‘transcendent beauty’ of her singing in the Royal Opera House’s production of Rossini’s La donna del lago.
Opera also triumphed in the Large-scale Composition category, with George Benjamin’s Written on Skin singled out for its ‘technical skill’ and ‘emotional impact’. Meanwhile, another new opera, Imago by Orlando Gough, written as a community piece, was given the Learning and Participation Award. The opera was co-commissioned by Glyndebourne and Scottish Opera.
Daniel Barenboim took the award in the Conductor category for his Ring cycle at the 2013 BBC Proms, competing against Riccardo Chailly and Andris Nelsons.
Joyce DiDonato will be our Guest Editor for Opera Now's July/August issue. Click here and scroll down for more details.
Glyndebourne's presiding spirit George Christie dies aged 79
12 May 2014, Lewes, UK
George and Mary Christie during construction of the new Glyndebourne opera house that opened in 1994(Photo: Gus Christie)
Some children of privilege are said to be born with a silver spoon in their mouth: in the case of Sir George Christie, who died on 7 May, it was an entire opera house that dictated his destiny, even before he was born. Sir George experienced the joys of opera at an unconscionably early age: his mother, the soprano Audrey Mildmay, sang Susanna in Mozart’s Le nozze di Figaro while pregnant with him, during the first ever Glyndebourne Festival in 1934, which she and her husband, John Christie, had just founded.
Sir George’s death has robbed Glyndebourne of its guiding hand and its presiding spirit. His long tenure in the ‘family firm’ proved him to be a shrewd businessman and an innovator. Early on, he attracted major directors such as John Cox and Peter Hall to establish a new dramatic identity for Glyndebourne productions. He tolerated the contemporary, even if he didn’t especially like it, commissioning world premieres from the likes of Michael Tippett, Oliver Knussen, John Osborne, Harrison Birtwistle and Jonathan Dove. Even after handing over the running of the Festival to his son Gus, he continued to take a keen interest in artistic matters.
Over four decades, from inheriting the Festival from his parents 1958 to his retirement in 1999, Sir George turned a piece of English summer musical eccentricity into an acclaimed international artistic tour de force, nurturing operatic stars in the early days of their careers (Margaret Price and Kiri Te Kanawa, to name but two) and staging iconic productions, some of which (including The Rake’s Progress in 1975, designed by David Hockney) remain classics to this day. Perhaps his most enduring legacy will be the new opera house which he commissioned, with breath-taking daring, from Michael and Patty Hopkins.
Sir George’s death comes in the very month that the Festival will be marking its 80th anniversary. The show will go on, just as he would have wanted, but his loss will be deeply felt.
George William Langham Christie, opera festival director, born 31 December 1934; died 7 May 2014
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