Buenos Aires’s Teatro Colón gets "a perfect facelift"
8 June 2010, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Report by Karyl Charna Lynn
Festivities were in full swing for the 24 May reopening of the Teatro Colón, Buenos Aires’s legendary opera house, which was the centerpiece of Argentina’s 5-day non-stop party for the Bicentennial of the Revolution.
A glamorous opening night saw the city’s elite flocking to the theatre, but with millions of people celebrating in the streets around the opera house, the mayor of Buenos Aires wisely also offered entertainment for the masses.
An expertly prepared and executed a documentary sound-and-light show on the history of the Colón, including operatic excepts and projected images of famous artists (e.g. Pavarotti) who performed there, kept the crowd entertained.
The gala programme inside, which included Act III of Swan Lake and Act II of La bohème was then projected on giant screens outside the opera house and broadcast on national television for all Argentines to experience.
Like a perfect facelift, the Colón has been meticulously restored to its original beauty, reclaiming its place among the world’s greatest opera houses. The red, ivory, and gold six-tiered auditorium, soaring in sparkling splendour, has retained its impeccable acoustics, and the porteños (as the locals are known), along with the entire opera world breathed a sigh of relief. After years of financial stalling and political wrangling, one of the world’s great theatres is back on its feet.
As one porteño confided, “we feared the Colón would be lost forever”, but today, she stands in all her finery, reinvigorated and beautifully groomed to face audiences for generations to come.
Karyl Charna Lynn’s complete report follows in the September/October issue of Opera Now.
The 30th Richard Tauber Prize for Singers 2010
7 June 2010, London, UK
Jung Soo Yun
The final of the Richard Tauber Prize for Singers 2010 took place at London’s Wigmore Hall on 4 June.
Ten singers aged 24 to 30 performed before an eminent jury that included opera singers Dame Anne Evans, Lillian Watson and Nigel Douglas.
The First Prize of £5,000 plus a public recital in London went to the 30-year-old South Korean tenor, Jung Soo Yun, who sang ‘Am Feierabend’ from Schubert's Die schöne Müllerin and ‘Che gelida manina’ from La bohème. He is currently studying at Cardiff’s International Academy of Voice.
Two sopranos also received awards worth £2,500 each: 28-year-old Denise Beck from Denmark (Second Prize) and 29-year-old Leslie Davis from Canada (Adèle Leigh Memorial Prize).
The Richard Tauber Prize for Singers was created in 1950 by the Anglo-Austrian Music Society and has subsequently been awarded 30 times. This year’s preliminary rounds in London and Vienna attracted more than 150 competitors.
News round-up - 5 June 2010
5 June 2010
Claudio Abbado(Photo: Lucerne Festival)
ABBADO’S RETURN TO LA SCALA POSTPONED
Fatigue prompts maestro to cancel engagements
Claudio Abbado has cancelled two ‘comeback’ concerts at La Scala in Milan due to fatigue. The 76-year-old Italian maestro has not performed at the theatre since 1986, when his 22-year tenure as artistic director ended. He was due to conduct two performances of Mahler’s Symphony No. 2 (‘Resurrection’) on 4 and 6 June 2010, but withdrew after being admitted to hospital in Berlin. He has cancelled all performances for several weeks to recover.
ROYAL OPERA HOUSE TO BEGIN 3D SCREENINGS
Carmen release schedule for autumn 2010
The Royal Opera House is to become the world’s first opera house to film and distribute full-length opera productions using 3D technology. The productions will be screened in specially equipped cinemas worldwide through a partnership with 3D cinema technology provider, RealD. The first screenings of Bizet’s Carmen are scheduled to take place in autumn 2010.
ENO LAUNCHES NEW LEARNING AND PARTICIPATION INITIATIVES
Ian McMillan becomes company’s first poet-in-residence
English National Opera has launched a new series of learning and participation initiatives that includes the appointment of Ian McMillan as the company’s first ever poet-in-residence. Aimed at “widening audiences for opera and developing engagement”, the programme will also see the introduction of crèche facilities for parents of young children who wish to attend the opera, and Opera Preview nights for anyone wanting to sample the upcoming Season.
SCOTTISH OPERA GOES BURLESQUE
Opera singers to perform at the world’s biggest burlesque club
Scottish Opera has announced that their 2010-11 Season will feature a collaboration with the world’s biggest burlesque club – Club Noir in Glasgow. The initiative will be unveiled on 14 August, when singers and musicians from Scottish Opera perform arias as part of a six-hour show at Edinburgh’s HMV Picture House, expected to draw audiences of 2,000 people aged 20 to 40. Further stagings in Glasgow are also planned.
2010 RICHARD TAUBER PRIZE FOR SINGERS
Public final at London’s Wigmore Hall
Ten young international singers aged 24-30 took part in the public final of this year’s Richard Tauber Prize for Singers, held last night at London’s Wigmore Hall. Five prizes were awarded by the distinguished panel of adjudicators that included Dame Anne Evants and the winners will be announced next week.
CARDIFF’S INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY OF VOICE TO CLOSE
“Funding challenges” force Cardiff University to pull the plug
The International Academy of Voice at Cardiff University is to close after operating for just three years. A spokesperson said that the academy had operated “at a significant loss” since being launched in 2007 and due to “funding challenges” the University could no longer subsidise its deficit. More than 50 singers had so far received training at the Academy under its director, the Welsh tenor Dennis O’Neill, including one-to-one classes with renowned opera directors, producers and performers.
CHILDREN’S OPERA TO RECEIVE PREMIERE IN SAINT LOUIS
Peter Ash and Donald Sturrock’s The Golden Ticket – premiere on 13 June 2010
The Golden Ticket – a new children’s opera by composer Peter Ash and librettist Donald Sturrock – will receive its world premiere in Saint Louis later this month. Based on Roald Dahl’s Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, the opera is a co-production by American Lyric Theater and Wexford Festival Opera in the UK. Featuring skilful vocal writing and brilliant orchestration, The Golden Ticket promises a “magical land of fantastic experiences” that introduces families to contemporary opera.
MADISON OPERA CELEBRATES 50TH ANNIVERSARY
2010-11 Season to include Kurt Weill company premiere
Founded in 1961, Wisconsin’s Madison Opera is celebrating its 50th anniversary with a forthcoming Season that includes the company premiere of Kurt Weill’s Threepenny Opera in a new production by Dorothy Danner. A revival of Madison’s La traviata and the Glimmerglass production of The Marriage of Figaro are also scheduled.
SARASOTA OPERA RECEIVES HERITAGE PRESERVATION AWARD
Restoration of Sarasota opera house described as “outstanding”
Sarasota Opera has received The Florida Trust for Historic Preservation Award for its “outstanding renovation” of the city’s historic opera house. Built in 1926, the house was described by Sarasota County Commissioner as one of the “cornerstones of the cultural life of the community.” The restoration work took place in 2008 and cost US$ 20 million.
The German lyric soprano, Anneliese Rothenberger, enjoyed a distinguished career that included performances at La Scala, Glyndebourne, Aix-en-Provence Festival and the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires. She was a member the permanent ensemble for Hamburg Staatsoper from 1946-59 and a regular performer at New York’s Metropolitan Opera from 1960-65. Equally at home in performances and recordings of operetta, light soprano roles by Mozart and Strauss and contemporary opera, Rothenberger became an accomplished painter and much-loved German television personality in her later years. She died on 24 May 2010 near her home in Switzerland, aged 83.
Sue Graham-Dixon, who for nearly three decades acted as the UK media relations representative for a whole host of European opera and music festivals including Pesaro, Drottningholm and the Maggio Musicale in Florence, died of complications linked to a melanoma on 26 March 2010, aged 78.
Thomas H. Connell served as the stage manager at New York’s Metropolitan Opera for 30 years. He had been planning to retire this year, but suffered a sudden illness and died at his home in Manhattan on 18 April, aged 67.
BBC Radio 3: The Essay - 'Falling in love with opera'
4 June 2010, London, UK
Ashutosh Khandekar(Photo: Benjamin Ealovega)
This is an edited extract from an essay for BBC Radio 3 by Ashutosh Khandekar. The full essay was broadcast on 3 June 2010 as part of the BBC season 'A Passion For Opera'.
"As the Editor of Opera Now magazine, it’s my job to see four, sometimes five operas in a week. Nice work if you can get it, you might think, though it doesn’t always seem like it when you’re stuck in a traffic jam on the M23, battling through the cold and wet of an English summer on the way to the opening night of Glyndebourne, or delayed in an airport en route back from the first night of Turandot in Bishkek.
"It’s easy enough to become jaded – and I think many critics are. It goes with the territory of seeing too many mediocre, hastily conceived productions. But at its best, there’s nothing like opera. Once the house lights are down and the curtain rises, the thrill is always there - ahead of you lies a compendium of human foibles, etched in the razor-sharp wit of Mozart, the hyper-real grandeur of Verdi, the saturated emotional turmoil of Puccini and the wistfully arch tenderness of Richard Strauss.
"Opera is hyper-real for sure, and perhaps more than a touch hyperbolic in its storytelling. But I believe that young minds today are wired to take on board the complexities of opera like never before. In a multimedia age, where we are used to – indeed demand - the rapid cross-referencing of music, design, colour, motion and drama to keep us entertained, opera has a head start over other art forms, because it can do these things live, as a shared experience in the theatre, rather than as solitary activity in front of a computer screen.
"Opera has the concept of multimedia embedded in its DNA and it embraces the complexities of the human spirit, our psychic and psychological states of being, with an authentic, unflinching directness that will, I feel sure, keep audiences enthralled for generations to come."
- Listen to the broadcast in full - available until 10 June 2010
- BBC Radio 3 presents five essays about opera
- BBC opera series to begin on 24 May 2010
Ship Shape: Glyndebourne’s first ever production of Britten's Billy Budd
3 June 2010
Jacques Imbrailo as Billy Budd(Photo: Alastair Muir)
Phillip Ens as Claggert(Photo: Alastair Muir)
Lynne Walker talks to conductor Sir Mark Elder as he conducts his 100th opera – Glyndebourne’s first ever production of Benjamin Britten’s Billy Budd.
When Sir Mark Elder stepped into the pit to open the 76th Glyndebourne Festival, with its first ever staging of Britten’s Billy Budd, it was the one hundredth opera he has conducted.
In contrast, this is the first time that one of Britain’s most charismatic actors and theatre directors, Michael Grandage, has applied himself to opera.
For Grandage – who has been responsible for award-winning hits both as artistic director of the Donmar Warehouse and in London’s West End as well as on Broadway (Hamlet, 2009; Frost/Nixon, 2007) – Budd represents the fulfilment of a long ambition to make his operatic debut.
Switching from non-lyric theatre to directing opera in such a high-profile house must have been a daunting prospect. After all, Grandage’s award-winning Guys and Dolls and Evita hardly seem relevant preparation for Billy Budd – or for Madame Butterfly, with which he makes his Houston Grand Opera debut later this year. But music has always played a central role in Grandage’s theatre productions.
Besides, it’s widely accepted that opera and theatre are no longer locked in different boxes. Directors such as Nicholas Hytner, Phyllida Lloyd, Adrian Noble and Katie Mitchell in the UK and many more in Europe and the US, move comfortably between the two forms. Indeed, Oscar-winning theatre director Sam Mendes was to have made his opera debut later in the 2010 Glyndebourne season with Don Giovanni but had to pull out because of his commitment to the transatlantic Bridge Project.
Peter Gelb, general manager of the Metropolitan Opera, recently went so far as to assert that opera directors do not necessarily make the greatest opera directors. In his experience the greatest chance of success comes from hiring theatre directors who do very little opera but “have a sophisticated appreciation of the music’s demands”. Fees for directing opera are generally smaller, he adds, so directors only tackle projects they are excited about and find intellectually and creatively challenging.
Grandage’s theatrical experience has meant that he has been able to respond to the sharply defined psychological portraits and riven conflicts at the heart of Billy Budd, and the task of distinguishing between, but also reconciling, the separate worlds of the action.
Based on Herman Melville’s allegorical tale about the battle between goodness and malignity on board a man-of-war, to a libretto co-written by E.M. Forster, the opera revolves around the cross-currents of justice, duty and compassion.
Billy Budd, received somewhat coolly at its premiere at Covent Garden in 1951, is a continuation of themes Britten had explored in Peter Grimes (Sadler’s Wells, 1945) and Albert Herring (Glyndebourne, 1947). A tale of innocence destroyed, of good crushed by evil and of an ‘outsider’ against society was always likely to appeal to the composer. Captain Vere recalls – and the opera, performed at Glyndebourne in its revised two-act version, enacts – a bygone event. He was obliged to sacrifice the stammering, foretopman Billy Budd, whose only crime was to have aroused, through his handsome looks and good nature, the envy and spite of the villainous Master at Arms, Claggart. Although Billy is the opera’s hero, the work focuses on the moral dilemma facing the philosopher-captain, Vere. That decision between heart and head – saving Billy or doing his duty – is a theme further explored by Britten in Gloriana.
“You could say that Billy Budd was Britten’s most perfect achievement in that the nature of the subject appealed to him very profoundly,” says Mark Elder. “Combined with the experience he had gained previously writing for the stage meant that Budd represented a synthesis of his ability as a composer and his ability to write specifically theatrical music.”
For Elder the biggest challenge is “to make the opera eloquent, to find as much as I can in the music and to make the performers feel it, not just do it. The atmosphere and acoustic of Glyndebourne’s theatre are very special and big scenes in large operas – such as the choral shanties in Budd – can have a knock-out effect there.”
In its juxtaposition of the internal and the public, the personal dramas of Billy, Claggart and Vere, and the everyday life on board ship there’s a Verdian quality heightened by the richness and variety of the music. The score calls for the largest orchestra of any Britten opera. Yet, according to Elder, there’s a leanness in the writing that allows the complex musical, as well as dramatic, relationships within this large group of characters to evolve in a natural way.
“In some ways it’s very delicate and Britten’s experience with chamber opera is very telling in the transparent soundworld he conceives. He asks for all these instruments – including four flutes, four trumpets and six percussionists as well as alto saxophone – not in order to make a noise but to give him sufficient colour possibilities to support and illuminate and heighten the words.”
What about the most enigmatic passage in the score when, after the drumhead court martial, Vere has to convey the death sentence to Billy? The stage is empty and in a brief interlude the orchestra plays 34 slow chords, ‘the Interview Chords’. “We know that Vere has to confront Budd with the unalterable decision about his death sentence in the knowledge that he is innocent,” says Elder. “Britten’s extraordinary imagination and theatrical sense produced this long series of common chords that start so loud but gradually dissolve. They convey so many things: not so much a conversation as lack of it between two men, one so powerless, one so powerful. The chords’ ambiguity and the emotional impact they can have in the theatre suggests there’s something deliberately impenetrable about the situation.”
“There’s no doubt, also, that Britten wanted an extensive range of instrumental colour to compensate for the absence of women’s or boys’ voices in the score. Those eerie opening notes, for instance, thin, drifting high notes, or, later, a fast tempo articulated by the brightness of piccolos and flutes and very high trumpet writing. It’s as if he were saying ‘I’m not going to be able to get right up there with the voices so the orchestra had better scale these incredible heights.’ He was also brilliant at plumbing the deeps of the sea and the depths of misery and pain, creating haunting, ominous, menacing effects. How you add lightness and shade to the palette depends on the casting, I think. The role of Budd requires a particular type of voice and I’m delighted that we have the young South African baritone, Jacques Imbrailo.”
Imbrailo is a former Jette Parker Young Artist of the Royal Opera House and winner of the Audience Prize at the 2007 Cardiff Singer of the World. John Mark Ainsley makes his first UK appearance as Captain Vere and the Canadian bass Phillip Ens sings Claggart (a role he has previously sung in Cardiff, San Francisco and Munich).
Britten wrote a lot of detail into the score, revealing visual as well as musical ideas and Elder believes it’s crucial that any director is sensitive to that. “We know that Budd can be open to interpretation on dry land. Richard Jones has shown us that by setting the story entirely in a naval academy rather than on HMS Indomitable. But Michael is very aware that, as well as telling a story, he has to allow for something beyond the events of the narrative to be created.”
The set for Glyndebourne’s staging of the ship’s harsh, claustrophobic environment picks up on the opera house’s wood-panelled auditorium, with its ship-like bulkheads of curving seating. The effect makes the audience feel implicated in the action of the opera.
The designer is Grandage’s regular collaborator Christopher Oram, who has a reputation for atmospheric, unfussy work. His previous forays into opera include designing the costumes for Kenneth Branagh’s film of The Magic Flute. The Grandage-Oram strategy is to pare things down to a minimum with, according to Oram, a firm belief in “set, lighting and sound being completely symbiotic”.
“Our production,” comments Elder, “takes place on a recognisable ship, a structure allowing us levels of variety corresponding to the essential nature of each scene – captain’s cabin, the men lower down in hammocks – and it works beautifully. Maybe we can convey the feeling that everyone is indomitably there on that ship …”
A printed version of this article appeared in the May/June issue of Opera Now. Click here to order your copy online.
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